by Bob Curtis, Local Secretary
This month was originally named Sextilis in Latin, because it was the sixth
month in the original ten-month Roman calendar under Romulus in 753 BC, when
March was the first month of the year. About 700 BC it became the eighth month when
January and February were added to the year before March by King Numa Pompilius,
who also gave it 29 days. Julius Caesar added two days when he created the
Julian calendar in 45 BC giving it its modern length of 31 days.
In 8 BC it was renamed in honor of Augustus (despite common belief, he
did not take a day from February).
According to a Senatus consultum quoted by Macrobius, he chose this month
because it was the time of several of his great triumphs, including the
conquest of Egypt.